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Distracted Driver Accidents | August 23, 2019

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How Much Do You Really Know About Distracted Driving?

How Much Do You Really Know About Distracted Driving?
Sam
  • On April 11, 2018

In honor of Distracted Driving Awareness Month, it’s time we take another look at the problem responsible for 11% of all car accidents leading to fatalities, unnecessarily claiming nearly 4,000 lives each year.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates over 800,000 vehicles are being driven by someone using a hand-held cellphone at any given time.

And with the average time to read a text message averaging at just under 5 seconds, a car is covering significant ground in this time (average speed in the USA is 55 mph), significantly increasing the chances of a car crash.

What is Distracted Driving?

The NHTSA defines distracted driving as any activity that diverts attention away from driving. While texting, entering information on a navigation system, and fiddling with the radio may seem to be obvious, distracted driving also encapsulates talking to people in your vehicle, personal grooming, and eating or drinking.

What are the Different Types of Distracted Driving?

Driving distracted can be due to a myriad of different reasons, but ultimately can be classified into the following types of distraction: visual, manual, and cognitive.

Distracted Driving Legislation

Majority of states have adopted legislation banning drivers from sending text messages while driving, apart from Missouri, Arizona, and Montana, where texting and driving is legal if a driver is over the age of 21.

Legislation for most states ban any smartphone use for drivers under the age of 21, regardless of Bluetooth technology or other hands-free accessories. As for drivers aged 21 and over, majority of states require these technologies to be employed to use. If you have questions regarding the intricacies of the law, the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) have compiled an all-encompassing chart for cell phone laws.

But what about other kinds of distractions?

The Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) states while even though states do not have laws directly related to the overarching topic of distracted driving, such as eating a cheeseburger while driving, the act of driving distracted leads to driving behavior that is illegal.

What Can You Do?

This month, you can join the movement to end distracted driving and pledge to be the changeYou can also follow these 10 tips to mitigate a car accident due to distracted driving:

 

  • Stow away all loose items prior to driving
    • If you hear or see anything rolling around, you may be tempted to divert your attention to securing the item instead of watching the road.
  • Prepare all your fixings before you move your car
    • Setting your radio to the desired station, entering your destination into the GPS or navigation system, and adjusting your climate settings prior to departing can not only help mitigate distractions, but ensures you are comfortable on your voyage.
  • Driving time is not snacking time
    • If possible, plan eating your meals and snacks outside the car to avoid driving and eating (especially if the food is messy!).
  • If you are driving with others…
    • Make sure they understand they can be a distraction.
  • Don’t drive drowsy!
    • Depending on how much sleep you miss, drowsy driving can double or even triple the propensity of a car accident!
  • Personal grooming has a time and place
    • Fixing your hair, picking the food out of your teeth, or touching up your lipgloss may seem to be innocuous, but even a few seconds of diverted attention can be the few seconds which result in an accident.
  • Reschedule serious conversations
    • As tempting as it is to chat on the phone while driving, engaging in serious conversations can cause you lose yourself in thought or spark an emotional response. Plus, wouldn’t you want to give a serious conversation your full attention?
  • Change your perspective driving
    • Instead of supporting the common conception driving is a chore, change your thinking! Driving is not only a privilege, but also is a time to be alone. Cherish that by giving driving all the attention it deserves.
  • Put your phone on Silent
    • Nine times out of ten, a phone call, text, Snapchat, Facebook message, or Instagram DM can wait. Don’t tempt yourself by keeping your alerts on full volume! There are a variety of apps that can help curb your temptation such as AT&T’s DriveMode, Sprint’s Drive First App, T-Mobile’s DriveSmart App, Verizon’s Driving Mode, SafeDrive, LifeSaver, and Focus, to name a few.
  • If you do encounter an emergency or something needs your immediate attention, get off the road.
    • Go somewhere safe to handle your business; your situation shouldn’t affect anyone else on the road!

Comments

  1. Samantha

    With so many uncontrollable dangers that getting behind the wheel of a car can present, everything possible should be done to curb the dangers that are controllable. This means laws banning the use of all cellular devices while behind the wheel need to be implemented. With every year that passes, more and more lives are lost because of this deadly practice (Wilson & Stimpson, 2010). Yes, some states have taken an initiative and implemented some laws against cell phones while driving, however, there are currently no states that ban the use of all cell phone modalities while behind the wheel (National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), 2018). The problem with the current laws are that they are riddled with exemptions which make them difficult to enforce (McCartt et al., 2014). An across the board cell phone ban with no exemptions would allow for police to more effectively enforce the law (Jessop, 2018). Studies examining laws implemented in Washington DC and Connecticut show that with the proper enforcement and education, cell phone bans can be effective (Rudisill & Zhu, 2017). The nation’s roadways are dangerous enough already. It is time for lawmakers to ban all cell phone use while driving and put a stop to this dangerous and deadly practice.
    References:
    Jessop, G. (2008). Who’s on the line? Policing and enforcing laws relating to mobile phone use while driving. International Journal of Law, Crime, and Justice. 36(3), 135-152. doi: 10.1016/j.ijlcj.2008.03.001
    McCartt, A., Kidd, D., & Teoh, E. (2014). Driver cellphone and texting bans in the United States: Evidence of effectiveness. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 58, 99-114.
    National Conference of State Legislature (NCSL). (2018, April 30). Cellular phone use and texting while driving laws. Retrieved from http://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/cellular-phone-use-and-texting-while-driving-laws.aspx
    Rudisill & Zhu. (2017). Hand-held cell phone use while driving legislation and observed driver behavior among population sub-groups in the United States. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 1-10. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4373-x
    Wilson, F. & Stimpson, J. (2010). Trends in fatalities from distracted driving in the United States, 1999 to 2008. American Journal of Public Health, 100(11), 2213-2219.

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